Archive for June, 2011

The comment ‘rejected’ by pro-Arab racism of the HuffPost’s moderator

June 30, 2011

The comment ‘rejected’ by pro-Arab racism of the HuffPost’s moderator

My friend tried to post the following, it was removed by the moderaotr of the “objective” HuffingtonPost:

How dare you attack this [SWC] humane organization personally? So much for your Arabic style of buzzwords like “graveyards” as if we don’t know who causes Arab civiian deaths. When is there going to be an outcry in the Arab world against Hamas/Hezbollah use of civilians to make sure Arab kids die in order to damn the Zionists? The same goes to the racist Arab “apartheid” slur on Israel’s true democracy where Arabs have more than equal rights, when you count the favoritism of the ‘affirnative action’ system in Israel.

This, in reply to the Arab propagandist: “sas”: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/sas/hypocrisy-on-parade-delta_b_886309_94833059.html

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Saudi ‘Arab Apartheid’ forcing its racism and anti-Semitism on partners

June 28, 2011

Delta adopts Saudi ‘no-Jew’ fly policy

Posted on June 23, 2011 by admin

Posted in anti-Semitism

BY BOB UNRUH, WORLDNETDAILY—

Delta Air Lines’ plan to add Saudi Arabian Airlines to its SkyTeam Alliance of partnering companies would require the American carrier to ban Jews and holders of Israeli passports from boarding flights from New York or Washington bound for Jeddah, prompting outraged accusations of illegal religious discrimination.

The issue, which has caught the attention of the American Center for Law and Justice already, was raised when Washington attorney Jeffrey Lovitky was perusing airline procedures for travel.

“As we learn more about the issue and facts, we are determined to ensure that American citizens do not face discrimination by airlines like Delta that are passenger code-sharing with Saudi Arabian Airlines, said Colby M. May, director and senior counsel of the ACLJ.

http://www.thejerusalemconnection.us/blog/2011/06/23/delta-adopts-saudi-no-jew-fly-policy.html


Delta and Saudi Arabia: Flying the Friendly, Anti-Semitic Skies

June 24, 2011 7:32 pm

Shmuley Boteach

anti-Semitic Delta Israeli Jews morals oil Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Airlines women

It’s no secret that Saudi Arabia bars passengers with Jewish sounding last names and any passport with an Israeli stamp from its flights. It’s therefore inexplicable why Delta Airlines would partner with Saudi Arabian Airlines knowing that the partnership would, at best, passively endorse Saudi Arabia’s anti-Semitic policies. Even more bizarre is the defense Delta offered of the practice once the story of the partnership broke. International airlines, it said, “are required to comply with all applicable laws governing entry into every country… Visa requirements or other possible government travel restrictions to enter any country are dictated by that nation’s government, not the national airlines or foreign carriers. These requirements apply to anyone entering the country either by land, air or sea.”


Aha. So Delta isn’t barring Jews from entering Saudi Arabia. They can’t be faulted for Saudi policies.


But would Delta have said the same thing had they partnered with, say, South African Airways at the height of apartheid had there been a requirement for black passengers to sit near the toilet in the back of the aircraft? Would they have said, “Sorry, this isn’t our regulation, it’s our partner’s.” I suspect not. They would probably have never risked a partnership that would have passively endorsed racist policies and subjected the airline to international condemnation.


Which leads to the larger question of why Saudi Arabia is always treated differently. Where is the outrage over the only country in the entire world that doesn’t allow women to drive a car or that publicly flogs women for being alone in a room with a man they are not married to, as recently happened to a woman in her seventies who committed the sin of allowing a delivery man into her house? This is pure barbarity, yet the West continues to overlook it due to Saudi wealth and our own gluttony for oil. In essence, we have allowed our morals to drown in an ocean of crude.


Islamic scholars have confirmed that there is nothing in the Koran that bars a woman from driving and at least two of the prophet’s wives are known to have ridden camels, the four-wheel drive of its time. Yet, when Manal al-Sharif posted a video of herself driving this past May she was locked up for nine days.


This extreme gender apartheid led in turn to the recent, widely-covered protests on the part of several Saudi women to publicly drive and challenge the authoritarian Wahhabi regime, pleading with Hillary Clinton to speak out on their behalf. But the most our Secretary of State could muster was a bland and non-committal statement: “What these women are doing is brave, and what they are seeking is right.” You don’t say. But hey, at least the statement is a start.


But while the world applauds the rise of the Arab spring and the sprouting of the innate desire on the part of Arab brothers and sisters to live and breathe free, there is at best token American and European pressure on the Saudis to come in from the dark ages and treat women like fully-fledged human beings. The absence of leading feminist voices regularly and unrelentingly condemning the Saudis for their brutal treatment of women is particularly dispiriting.


But hey, even feminists need to fill up and so long as the Saudis prove useful in pumping up our gas-guzzling SUV’s, it seems that the American people will continue to remain silent and more American businesses will continue to sell their souls.
http://www.algemeiner.com/2011/06/24/delta-and-saudi-arabia-flying-the-friendly-anti-semitic-skies/

Saudi Arabian apartheid’s barring of Jews came more into the limelight in 2011, when its official (State owned) airlines enforced its code-share partner Delta Airlines to enforce the same Nazi type of barring Jews from entering the Islamic “kingdom,” no Jews, no Bibles on board to the desert kingdom http://hotair.com/archives/2011/06/23/delta-airlines-no-longer-allowing-jewish-passengers-on-flights-to-saudi-arabia As the Dutch Daily Standard has put it barring Jrews is the order of the day in the Apartheid Arab Islamic culture.http://www.dagelijksestandaard.nl/2011/06/joden-weren-is-kennelijk-heel-normaal-in-de-arabische-wereld
p>
(Free translation)
Jews being ‘kept away’ is obviously quite “normal” in the (Apartheid) Arab world

The Daily Standard
What amazes mostly, is that Saudi Arabian Airlines is (largely) state property. Thus Saudi-Arabia is the owner of the business that handles in a form of Apartheid. …ways on the merits of the islamic culture and the Middle-East as whole. Apartheid is there, the order of the day…

(Original text)
Joden weren is kennelijk heel normaal in de Arabische wereld‎
De Dagelijkse Standaard
Geplaatst door Willem Jan Hilderink op 24 juni, 2011 – 14:18

Delta zou dan meewerken aan de praktijken van Saudi Arabian Airlines, … Dus Saoedi-Arabië is eigenaar van een bedrijf dat een vorm van Apartheid hanteert. …

Wat het meest verbaast, is dat Saudi Arabian Airlines (grotendeels) staatseigendom is. Dus Saoedi-Arabië is eigenaar van een bedrijf dat een vorm van Apartheid hanteert. Interessant, vooral omdat allerlei Groenlinksgekkies ons voortdurend wijzen op de merites van de islamitische cultuur en het Midden-Oosten als geheel. Apartheid is er aan de orde van de dag, maar moslims zijn zielig dus hun cultuur is eigenlijk vet cool.
http://www.dagelijksestandaard.nl/2011/06/joden-weren-is-kennelijk-heel-normaal-in-de-arabische-wereld

Delta airlines no longer allowing Jewish passengers on flights to Saudi Arabia?
posted at 8:19 pm on June 23, 2011
Delta Airlines, in its new alliance with Saudi Arabian Airlines, might wind up making a bargain shocking Jews and Christians — no Jews, no Bibles on board to the desert kingdom.

http://hotair.com/archives/2011/06/23/delta-airlines-no-longer-allowing-jewish-passengers-on-flights-to-saudi-arabia/

Whither Palestine?‎

June 19, 2011

Whither Palestine?‎
International Analyst Network
Whither Palestine?
Dr. Daniel M. Zucker
18 Jun 2011
Obama’s announcement that the questions of Jerusalem and refugees would be deferred to a

later stage, following the successful conclusion of an agreement on borders and
security is a total non-starter from the Israeli viewpoint. It permits the
Palestinians to continue the conflict after having their territory legally
defined as “occupied”, or forcing Israel to retreat to the indefensible borders
of 1967 without even ending the conflict! No sane Israeli government can agree
to such a position. So too, roughly three out of four Israelis refuse to see
Jerusalem divided again. The nineteen years of Arab rule of East Jerusalem
[1948-1967] and the attendant desecration of synagogues and Jewish cemeteries as
well as the inaccessibility of Jewish holy sites during that period has taught
Israelis to seriously distrust promises on that score. Mahmoud Abbas’ recent
statement that no Israelis would be permitted to stay on Palestinian land proves
that not much has changed in the Palestinian view of the relationship. It’s
Palestine that would be a racist, apartheid state, not Israel which has a 20%
Arab citizenship and Arab Members of the Knesset, as well as Arab members of the
cabinet.

http://www.analyst-network.com/article.php?art_id=3800

Genocidal racist Arab leader: Ahmad Shukairy, ‘father’ of ‘Apartheid’ slander

June 6, 2011


Genocidal Arab Nazi leader: Ahmad Shukairy, ‘father’ of ‘Apartheid’ slander


[Also transcribed:
Ahmad Shukairy
Ahmad Al-Shukairy
Ahmad al-Shukairi
Ahmad el-Shukairy
Ahmed Shukeiry
al-Shuqayri
Shukeiri
Shukeiry
Shuqeiri
Shuqairy]


The Arab led slur of “apartheid” [a tactic of diverting attention from the largely Arab leaders’ fault in Arabs’ condition, as well as general Arab oppression of its people and discrimination against minorities, a criminal strategy with the aim of de-legitimizing Israel’s quest for survival, as if Israel’s security and defense has anything to do with “race”], dates back to an October 1961 speech by Saudi Arabia’s Ahmad Shukairy during a strongly anti-Western chide. He went as far as to object Israel’s right to try Nazi extermination chief of WW2: Adolf Eichmann.


[It was amidst a season of strong UN condemnation of S. Africa, a tactic of vilification by fictitious comparison.]


That’s almost 6 years before the so-called “occupation” came about, yet it was picked up by Arab propaganda machine ever since, and has been “adjusted” to any situation between Israel and its Arab attackers. Demagogue-like symbolism [like the security fence] have been used and included to be “updated,” to make the criminal propaganda seem somehow “legitimate.”


* Ahmad Shukari (1908-1980) was born in Lebanon.
* Expelled from Lebanon by authorities for radical agitation on campus.
* Served as an aide to infamous Haj Amin al-Husseini Hitler’s ally [the Mufti, who called to ‘kill the Jews wherever you find them,’ and prevented Jewish children from being rescued during WW2] and he himself admired Nazism and with the Mufti assisted in ideas of extermination.
* Became assistant Secretary General for the Arab League from 1950–56.
* Served as Saudi Arabia’s representative to the UN from 1957-1962.
* Famous for his 1956 admission to the falsehood of a “Palestinian” (distinct) people, or Palestine as a “separate” Arab entity.
* His openly pro-Nazism was expressed in 1962 at the UN while praising a Nazi group.
* Spearheaded the major shift in Arab strategy in the “creation” of a “Palestine entity” in 1963 (as mentioned, as late as 1957, Shukairy himself pleaded on behalf of “Palestine” as nothing but a part of Syria), seeing that the collective Arab VS Israel war lacks support. It was to tap into the anti-colonialism that spread in the UN with the fight in Algeria and to suggest parallels, in order to gather support among Africans.
* Was the first to head the PLO in 1964, the ‘Palestine Liberation Organization’ was created in a clear aim to ‘wipe out Israel.’ In [his] then “Palestinian” original charter, there’s no call for a “homeland” or so-called “rights,” but as part of a ‘pan-Arab’ struggle.
* Known for his hate speeches.
* Was very instrumental in the six-day war of June 1967 by collective Arab nations whose leaders, like Shukairy called to annihilate Israel.
* Coined the [extermination] phrase: “Driving the Jews unto the sea.” [‘Throwing the Jews into the sea’]
* Years before the “occupation” (what is referred to Israel’s victory over Arab aggression in 1967) he called for “liberation” (of what?)


There you have it, Arab racism, Nazism and Arab genocide hiding behind “liberation,” has invented the “apartheid” meme against its victim: Israel.


The typical hypocritical element of “accusing” Israel with the crime of the Arabs, that of “nazism” was also encapsulated by this Arab-Nazi mastermind of ‘Arab-Palestine’ in his elaborated opposition to try Eichmann.


____________


Sources


1927, AT THE AGE OF 19, SHUKAIRY IS EXPELLED FROM LEBANON FOR AGITATION


Outspoken Arab Orator; Ahmad Shukairy

[1960]

THIRTY-THREE years ago, a 19-year-old Arab under-graduate was seized at the American University in Beirut for making an over-zealous speech. He was hauled into court as a political agitator and ordered out of Lebanon.

http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F60C13FE3F551A7A93C7A9178AD95F448685F9&scp=4&sq=shukairy&st=cse



THE MUFTI’S AIDE / ASSSISTING IN EXTERMINATION


Congressional record: proceedings and debates of the United States Congress: Volume 113, Part 12 – United States. Congress – Govt. Print. Off., 1967 – Page A-525

Shukairy has had a remarkable history. As has been revealed In the pages of Prevent World War III, he worked with the Nazis in the Middle East and was a henchman of the notorious Mufti of Jerusalem who advised Hitler on ways and means of extermintaing Jews…

http://books.google.com/books?id=8HEuAAAAIAAJ&dq=henchman


Six Day War – timeline NOTE: AHMED SHUKEIRY – formerly an aide to the late Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini. The Mufti notoriously sought friendship with Hitler …
http://www.sixdaywar.co.uk/timeline-concise.htm


Amazon.com: David Green “David Green”‘s review of Strangers in the …Ahmed Shukeiry, aide to the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, envisioned “the elimination of the Jewish state,” while Abd al-Rahman Azzam Pasha, …
http://www.amazon.com/review/R2LHIKPJR5ML11



DECLARING IN 1956 [TO THE UN] THAT “PALESTINE” IS NOTHING BUT SOUTHERN SYRIA


United Nations review: Volume 3
United Nations. Dept. of Public Information, United Nations. Office of Public Information – 1957 – Snippet view (Page 8)
That, stated Mr. Shukairy, was how Syria’s Prime Minister had given his formal assurance to observe the cease-fire and how the … Thus, although it was common knowledge that Palestine was nothing but southern Syria, the whole question of sovereignty had definitely been suppressed in the armistice agreements.
http://books.google.com/books?&id=HCUoAAAAMAAJ&dq=%22southern+Syria%22


Politics, lies, and videotape: 3,000 questions and answers on the Mideast crisis – Page 392
Yitschak Ben Gad – (SP Books,) 1991 – 479 pages – Preview
CHAPTER TWENTY-NINE THE CONCEPT OF A “GREATER SYRIA” It is common knowledge that Palestine is nothing but southern Syria. AHMED SHUKAIRY, then-Saudi Arabian delegate to the UN, founder of the PLO, May 31, 1956, to the Security Council …
http://books.google.com/books?id=zRyAT5qNtjQC&pg=PA392


Like all the nations?: the life and legacy of Judah L. Magnes – Page 117
William M. Brinner, Moses Rischin – 1987 – 241 pages – Google eBook – Preview
As late as 1956, Ahmed Shukairy, subsequently head of the Palestine Liberation Organization, argued at the Security Council that “it is common knowledge that Palestine is nothing but southern Syria.”
http://books.google.com/books?id=OzaSXCyV1JQC&pg=PA117

American Jewish women and the Zionist enterprise – Page 294
Shulamit Reinharz, Mark A. Raider – 2005 – 393 pages – Preview
As late as 1956, Ahmed Shukairy, subsequently head of the Palestine Liberation Organization, argued at the Security Council that “it is common knowledge that Palestine is nothing but southern Syria.”
http://books.google.com/books?id=S9Fm_AQi0k8C&pg=PA294


The Real History of Palestine and the Israeli Conflict Mar 2, 2011 … “It is common knowledge that Palestine is nothing more than southern Syria” — Ahmed Shukeiry, head of the PLO, to UN Security Council, May 31, 1956. “
http://emetnews.org/palestinian_myths/


The Jewish Claim To The Land Of Israel
[…]
The representative of the Arab Higher Committee to the United Nations submitted a statement to the General Assembly in May 1947 that said “Palestine was part of the Province of Syria” and that, “politically, the Arabs of Palestine were not independent in the sense of forming a separate political entity.” A few years later, Ahmed Shuqeiri, later the chairman of the PLO, told the Security Council: “It is common knowledge that Palestine is nothing but southern Syria.”
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/The_Jewish_Claim_To_The_Land_Of_Israel.html


Politically motivated mythology of PalestineThat which had been created by more than a thousand years of Jewish history … that “It is common knowledge that Palestine is nothing but Southern Syria. …Ahmed Shukeiry, as head of the PLO, to Security Council on May 31, 1956, cited by Syrkin in “Nationalism,” in Curtis et al., Palestinians, p. 201.
http://www.eretzyisroel.org/~peters/mythology.html



INVENTED THE “APARTHEID” ANALOGY IN HIS ANTI-WEST RANT OCT. 1961 – LONG BEFORE THE SO-CALLED “OCCUPATION” TOOK PLACE


Middle East Record Volume 2, 1961 – Page 188
Yitzhak Oron, Ed. – Full view
The representative of Saudi Arabia, Ahmad Shukairy, [in a strongly anti-Western speech], chided the Western powers… ….. Concluding her statement, Mrs Meir declared that “no Israel-Arab issue can be solved without negotiation;… Shukairy said…. He quoted from a number of newspapers and books to prove his thesis that “the apartheid of South Africa is being practised by Israel” against the Arab minority. He denied Israel’s right to try Eichmann since Israel was “another Eichmann in a State.”
http://books.google.com/books?id=vzZ71Eh5QvMC&pg=PA188


Middle East record: Volume 2
Ḥevrah ha-Mizraḥit ha-Yiśreʼelit, Merkaz le-meḥḳar ʻal shem Reʼuven Shiloaḥ, Mekhon Shiloaḥ le-ḥeḳer ha-Mizraḥ ha-tikhon ṿe-Afriḳah – (Israel Oriental Society, Reuven Shiloah Research Center,) 1961 – Snippet view (Page 188)
(A/PV, 1020, Oct 2) The representative of Saudi Arabia, Ahmad Shukairy, [in a strongly anti-Western speech], chided the Western powers because to them ” divided Berlin is everything, and Jerusalem, the holy, is nothing,” although ” the …He quoted from a number of newspapers and books to prove his thesis that “the apartheid of South Africa is being practised by Israel” against the Arab minority. He denied Israel’s right to try Eichmann since Israel was “another Eichmann in a State.”
http://books.google.com/books?&id=qFDVAAAAMAAJ&dq=%22another+Eichmann%22



PRO-NAZISM – PRAISING NAZIS


When Hitler became Abu Ali
By Julian Schvindlerman – June 7, 2002
[…]
Nazi slogans were translated into Arabic. A Mideast song popular toward the end of the 1930s crooned: “No more Monsieur, no more Mister. In Heaven Allah, on earth Hitler.” The Fuehrer himself was even Islamicized under the new name of Abu Ali.
Love of Nazism spread like wildfire in the region. Among the many Nazi sympathizers at the time were Haj Amin al-Husseini (Grand Mufti of Jerusalem and president of the Arab Higher Committee); Ahmed Shukairi (first chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization); Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar Sadat (both future presidents of Egypt); Islamic fundamentalist leaders; and the founders of the Pan-Arab socialist Ba’ ath party, currently ruling Syria and Iraq. (One Ba’ath leader proudly recounted: “We were racists, admiring Nazism, reading their books and sources of their thought. We were the first who thought of translating Mein Kampf.”).
http://christianactionforisrael.org/antiholo/hitler_abu.html


Israel in the Third World – Page 158 Michael Curtis, Susan Aurelia Gitelson – (Transaction Publishers,) 1976 – 410 pages – Google eBook – Preview
Mobilization of extreme right-wing and left-wing organizations: Arab groups find much to work on among extremist groups… A curious result of this policy took place at the United Nations in 1962: Ahmed Shukairy, then head of the Saudi Arabian delegation, openly praised the Argentine Nazi group Tacuara. The Argentine delegate expressed dismay. Another example of cooperation between pro-Nazi groups and the Arabs is the Chilean publication Cruz Gamada (swastika), most of which is devoted to ” Palestine. Arab land” and “Communist- Jewish infiltration” or “capitalist-Jewish exploitation…
http://books.google.com/books?id=vLZHUlI6GmoC&pg=PA158


Israel-Latin American relations – Page 87 Edy Kaufman, Yoram Shapira, Joel Barromi – (Transaction Publishers,) 1979 – 256 pages – Google eBook – Preview
Ahmed Shukairy, then head of the Saudi Arabian delegation, openly praised the Argentine Nazi group Tacuara. The Argentine delegate expressed disma..
http://books.google.com/books?id=X40T9b0SwUEC&pg=PA87


The re-emergence of fascism
Dennis Eisenberg – 1967 – 348 pages – Page 322

The United Nations was also informed that Ahmed Shukairy, chief Saudi Arabian delegate, had publicly identified himself with Nazi groups in the Argentine…. Colonel Anwar Sadat, a member of the original junta and the director of the largest publishing house in Cairo, Dar al Hilal, gave his opinion that ‘Hitler was a great German patriot who had many outstanding merits and from whom we learn …
http://books.google.com/books?&id=oihnAAAAMAAJ&dq=shukairy


American Jewish year book: Volume 64 – Cyrus Adler, Henrietta Szold, American Jewish Committee – 1963 – Page 141

Anti-Jewish Agitation…

ARAB AND PRO-ARAB PROPAGANDA Agitators promoted the pro-Arab line largely by using the terms “Zionist,” “Jew,” and “Communist” interchangeably in their lurid depictions of sinister schemes to subvert the nation and the world.

[…]

The principal sources of Arab propaganda in the United States continued to be the Arab League’s Arab Information Office (AIC), with branches in several cities; the Organization of Arab Students, whose approximately 4000 members were active in many American colleges, and the embassies and UN delegations of the Arab countries.

http://books.google.com/books?&id=s7QSAAAAIAAJ&dq=aic


While Arab propaganda was for the most part limited to “Zionists,” Saudi Arabian representative to the United Nations Ahmad Shukairy, in a General Assembly debate on November 30, lapsed into a vituperative speech in which he saluted the antisemitic terrorist Tacuara movement in Argentina (p. 281). He expressed the hope that Tacuara would spread throughout Latin America and that its principles would be adopted by the United Nations.

http://books.google.com/books?&id=s7QSAAAAIAAJ&dq=vituperative


THE INVENTION OF A “PALESTINE ENTITY” – 1963


Congress bi-weekly: Volume 31 – American Jewish Congress – 1964 – Snippet view
The “Palestine Entity” JOSEPH B. SCHECHTMAN … NOTABLE AND LARGELY overlooked — feature of the present-day strategy of Arab states with regard to the Palestine Arabs is the emphasis on the “Palestine Entity” (Al- Kiyan Al-Falastin). It represents a major departure from the policy the Arab governments had pursued during the decade following the establishment of Israel. Throughout that period, Arab states’ delegations in the United Nations acted as the sole…
http://books.google.com/books?&id=1tAMAQAAMAAJ&q=Al-+Kiyan+Al-Falastin

… In 1960, the Arab states submitted to the 1 6th Assembly session a request for a hearing for “the Palestine [instead of “a Palestinian”] Arab delegation,” this time of ten persons. At the 17th session, thirteen persons were listed, and they were described as “the Palestine Arab Delegation representing the views of the Palestine Arab people.” Mr. Gallin-Douathe, of the Central African Republic, was puzzled by this procedure, and asked how could there be a “Palestine Arab Delegation” when there was no longer a country called Palestine. The committee chairman, Dr. Leopold Benites of Ecuador, somewhat impatiently answered that he could not go into the substance of the problem. The Israel delegation did not press the point, and a Mufti henchman, Emile El- Ghouri, was permitted to present the Arab refugees’ case. At the 18th session ( 1963), representatives of all the 13 Arab League states submitted a fresh request (UN document A/SPC/89), this time for 18 persons described as as “the Palestine Arab Delegation representing the Arab people of Palestine, the principal party to the Palestine question.” Shukairy was listed as chairman of this body, and was invited to address the Special Political Committee.
http://books.google.com/books?&id=1tAMAQAAMAAJ&dq=18th


It authorized him to lead a “Palestine Arab Delegation” of his Own selection that would plead the cause of “Palestine” at the UN.
Shukairy’s emergence as a central figure in the struggle for the “Palestine Entity” is a matter of concern. He vehemently advocates the establishment of a ” Palestine Government-in-Exile” and has announced his willingness to head such a government if it receives the financial, military and political support of the Arab states..
http://books.google.com/books?&id=1tAMAQAAMAAJ&dq=shukairy


It would be a grave mistake to underestimate the significance and dangers of the latest shift in the Arab strategy. The Arab states seem to have realized the increasing unpopularity of their open war threats against Israel in the prevailing climate of “peaceful coexistence.” The resurrection of a “Palestine Entity” with a “Government-in-Exile” would create a convenient instrument for aggressive propaganda, since it would seek to link in the public mind Algeria and Palestine and tap the anti-colonialist feelings that are so strong in the UN. By equating the plight of the refugees with that of the still unliberated peoples of Africa they confidently expect to enlist the sympathy of the Afro-Asian delegations. The “Palestine Entity” device must be viewed in the light of these considerations. It should no longer be regarded as a mere question of procedural formality but as a most dangerous weapon for exploiting Middle East tensions.
http://books.google.com/books?&id=1tAMAQAAMAAJ&dq=anti-colonialist


A Palestine entity? – Don Peretz, Evan M. Wilson, Richard Joseph Ward – Middle East Institute, 1970 – 119 pages – Page 39

Remnants of the old Arab Higher Committee, still led by the Mufti, denounced Shukairy for seeking a “faked entity,” charging that delegates to the Congress had been hand picked. Election, insisted the Mufti, was the only way for the Palestinians to choose true representatives (Shukairy had discarded elections as “impossible and unfeasible”). Support of the former Jerusalem Mufti received by Saudi Arabia aroused

http://books.google.com/books?&id=QNlAAAAAIAAJ&dq=shukairy+mufti



The Palestine State: a rational approach – Richard Joseph Ward, Don Peretz, Evan M. Wilson – Kennikat Press, 1977 – 206 pages – Page 41

http://books.google.com/books?id=oXxtAAAAMAAJ&q=shukairy+mufti



FOUNDING THE VIOLENT “LIBERATION” ORGANIZATION P.L.O. (1964) – AIMED AT ‘WIPING OUT ISRAEL’


Judaism: Volume 16; Volume 16 American Jewish Congress – 1967 – Snippet view (Page 399)
in the first place by Egypt and Jordan in open combat against the newly founded State of Israel; … There are, of course, crucial differences between the Vietcong war and the sabotage and terror operations of Ahmed Shukeiri’s units.
http://books.google.com/books?&id=CpPjAAAAMAAJ&dq=Ahmed

Middle Eastern terrorism – Page 22
Arie Perliger – 2006 – 111 pages – Google eBook – Preview
… the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) was established under the leadership of Ahmad Shukeiri.
http://books.google.com/books?id=rTZhyGadxD4C&pg=PA22


The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Middle East Conflict
Mitchell G. Bard – (Penguin,) 2008 – 462 pages – Google eBook – Preview
Ahmed Shukeiri, a onetime Saudi delegate to the United Nations, was chosen by the Arab League to wage a terror campaign, and he established the Palestine Liberation Army of the PLO to do so.
http://books.google.com/books?id=sVeKwfsHevgC&pg=PT218


October 21, 1964

Shukairy Says He Will Turn to Moscow, Peiping for Military Help
LONDON –

Ahmed Shukairy, chairman of the “Palestine Liberation Organization” set up by the 13 Arab states at their recent Alexandria summit meeting, for the express purpose of wiping out Israel, said in Damascus today that he is ready to turn to the Soviet Union and Communist China for military help, according to Syrian dispatches received here today.


Complaining that “the doors of the West are closed to us,” Shukairy declared he would send delegations to Moscow and Peiping to seek help for his “Palestine Liberation Army.” That “army,” to be made up of Arab refugees now living in United Nations camps along Israel’s borders, was instructed at the Alexandria meeting to cooperate with a new, unified Arab military command, aimed at Israel, under the command of Egyptian officers.

http://archive.jta.org/article/1964/10/21/3078354/shukairy-says-he-will-turn-to-moscow-peiping-for-military-help


Brief Histor
… On May 14, 1948, the Jews proclaimed the independent State of Israel… Both had the declared aim of destroying Israel. After the 6-day war, Ahmad Shukairy, who had headed the PLO, was replaced as Chairman by Yasser Arafat,
http://www.eylerz.net/brief_history.htm



HIS “PALESTINIAN” CHARTER CALLS FOR A ‘PAN-ARAB’ STRUGGLE NOT A SEPARATE “HOMELAND”


The Original Palestine National Charter…
This Covenant was written by the first Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Ahmed Shukeiry. This version of the PLO Charter reflects the Pan-Arab nationalism espoused by then, Egyptian President Jamal Abd El-Nasir. This can be clearly seen in the emphasis on the view of Palestine as part of an Arab collective homeland. The pan-Arab objective in the Arab-Israeli conflict is rather pervasive – the destruction (al-qada-ala) of Israel. However, noticeably missing is the call for a Palestinian state and the subordinate position of the Palestinians in what is expressed as a battle for their rights and homeland.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Peace/cove1.html


INITIATED THE “VICTIMHOOD” COMPLEX – IGNORING ARAB LEADERS’ FAULT IN CREATING AND MAINTAINING THE “REFUGEES” PROBLEM


Chronicle of United Nations activities – Hasid Pub. Co., 1958 – Page 39

The second fateful date, Mr. Shukairy declared, was 29 November 1947, when the United Nations decided to partition Palestine and to establish a Jewish state. This ‘flagrant injustice, ” he said, “had been extracted from the United…

Since the governments of the Arab states had created the refugee problems, Mr. Eban asserted, the world community had a right to claim their full assistance to its solution. It was painfully evident, Mr. Eban declared, that the “refugee problem had been artificially maintained for political motives against all the economic, social, and cultural forces which, had they been allowed free play, would have brought about a solution

http://books.google.com/books?&id=ncsSAAAAIAAJ&dq=shukairy


United Nations review: Volume 5 – United Nations. Dept. of Public Information, United Nations. Office of Public Information – 1959 – Page 42

The “central issue,” he asserted, is that there can be no solution until the Arab governments abandon their opposition to integrating the refugees into the economic life of the Near East. The problem was caused, he stated, by “a war of aggression” launched by ‘the Arab states against Israel in 1947 and 1948. “It is painful evident,” he continued, “that this refugee problem has been artificially maintained for political motives against all the economic, social and cultural forces, which, had they been allowed free play, would have brought about a solution. Mr. Eban contended that the refugees had been “nourished for ten years on hatred of Israel…

http://books.google.com/books?&id=ESYoAAAAMAAJ&dq=nourished


CALLED TO ASSASSINATE JORDAN’S KING HUSSEIN, TO “LIBERATE” JORDAN


Near East report: Volume 10 – Near East Report, Inc., 1966 – Page 87
“I hate to think that there is a racial element in this policy in addition to the economic and strategic … PLO Chairman Ahmed Shukairy charged last week that Hussein was cooperating with Israel and called for his assassination. “The battle for the liberation of Palestine,” he said, “cannot be fought until we have won the battle for the liberation of Jordan.” Jordanian Legion units last week opened fire on terrorists entering Jordan from their Syrian base.

http://books.google.com/books?id=3bMMAQAAMAAJ&q=cooperating



1967: CALLING FOR ANNIHILATION


Jewish spectator: Volumes 34-35
School of the Jewish Woman (New York, N.Y.) – 1969 – Page 31
The Arabs were poised to annihilate Israel. The Jeivish pacifists of the New Left and of various … Our basic aim is the destruction of Israel.” Ahmed Shukairy, head of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, declared, on May 28,
http://books.google.com/books?&id=xUguAQAAIAAJ&dq=annihilate


Righteous victims: a history of the Zionist-Arab conflict, 1881-1999 Benny Morris – (Random House Digital, Inc.,) 1999 – 751 pages
…the pan-Arab invasion. “Abd al-Rahman Azzam Pasha, the Arab League’s secretary general… declaring: “This will be a war of extermination and a momentous massacre, which will be spoken of like the Mongolian massacres and the Crusades.” Ahmed Shukeiry. one of Hajj Amin al-Husseini”s aides, described the aim of the invasion as “the elimination of the Jewish state.”
http://books.google.com/books?id=3ZHXkyAIl7cC&pg=PT351


Midstream: Volume 30 – Theodore Herzl Foundation – 1984 – Page 6

Yearning to be rid of the albatross of the Holocaust, the West longed for a respectable Arab leader who could make Israel seem unreasonable. A Nasser or a Shukairy who spoke openly of “finishing Hitler’s job” could scarcely accomplish this.

http://books.google.com/books?&id=_HgMAQAAMAAJ&dq=finishing


The war against the Jew – Dagobert David Runes – Philosophical Library, 1968 – 192 pages – Page 187

“We shall liquidate the Jews,” came the voice of Radio Amman ; “After this war, there will be no Jewish survivors in Israel,” echoed the commander of the Arab ” Liberation Front,” Achmed Shukairy; “We are prepared to annihilate Israel,” exclaimed Jordan’s King Hussein; “We shall destroy Israel,” responded Nasser…

http://books.google.com/books?&id=MOqAAAAAIAAJ&dq=shukairy
Shukairy, like Hitler, was outspoken and sincere in his hate which was amplified by modern communication media into apocalyptic thunder. The hellish intent of both was loud and clear,…

http://books.google.com/books?&id=MOqAAAAAIAAJ&dq=sincere



Among lions: the battle for Jerusalem, June 5-7, 1967 – J. Robert Moskin – Arbor House, 1982 – 401 pages – Page 44

He called for “driving the Jews into the sea.” The story was told that when a journalist asked Shukairy what he would do about the Jewish problem if war came, he replied, “There’s not going to be a Jewish problem.” The Jews feared another Holocaust. They felt their backs were to …

http://books.google.com/books?&id=JuNtAAAAMAAJ&dq=%22The+story+was+told+that+when+a+journalist+asked+Shukairy+what+he+would+do+about+the+Jewish+problem+if+war+came%2C+he+replied%22


Founding the Palestine Liberation Organization
What led to the founding of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1964?
In 1964 the Arab League, a loose confederation of fourteen Arab countries including Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, and Lebanon, met in Cairo and established a political body to deal directly with the problem of the Palestinian Arabs. They called it the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). The PLO’s first leader was an Egyptian, Ahmed Shukairy. He coined the organization’s famous slogan about “driving the Jews into the sea.” He is also remembered for saying on May 31, 1956, to the UN Security Council:
It is common knowledge that Palestine is nothing but Southern Syria. So what were they “liberating”? From whom? There were no “occupied territories” and no “illegal settlements” at that time, and Jordan controlled East Jerusalem. The PLO was intent on the destruction of Israel without any of the causes or reasons they now claim are fundamental. Their emblem includes a map — Israel is part of their concept of Palestine.
http://www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1948to1967_plo_backgd.php


October 21, 1964

Shukairy Says He Will Turn to Moscow, Peiping for Military Help
LONDON –

Ahmed Shukairy, chairman of the “Palestine Liberation Organization” set up by the 13 Arab states at their recent Alexandria summit meeting, for the express purpose of wiping out Israel, said in Damascus today that he is ready to turn to the Soviet Union and Communist China for military help, according to Syrian dispatches received here today.


Complaining that “the doors of the West are closed to us,” Shukairy declared he would send delegations to Moscow and Peiping to seek help for his “Palestine Liberation Army.” That “army,” to be made up of Arab refugees now living in United Nations camps along Israel’s borders, was instructed at the Alexandria meeting to cooperate with a new, unified Arab military command, aimed at Israel, under the command of Egyptian officers.

http://archive.jta.org/article/1964/10/21/3078354/shukairy-says-he-will-turn-to-moscow-peiping-for-military-help


Shukairy Resigns as Chairman Of Palestine Liberation Group;
Ahmed Shukairy, the fiery orator who had nourished Arab dreams of destroying Israel, resigned today as chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization. …

December 25, 1967

http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F60F12FD3E5F107A93C7AB1789D95F438685F9&scp=7&sq=shukairy&st=cse


Coining the phrase: ‘Throwing the Jews into the sea’


Escape the Global Storm – Page 147
 Bob Sullivan – Xulon Press, 2008 – 256 pages – Preview
The goal of the PLO has always been to destroy Israel and replace it with the state of Palestine. Ahmad Shukeiri, the first leader of the PLO, coined the phrase “driving the Jews into the Mediterranean Sea.”
http://books.google.com/books?id=Ghd1rDNamvgC&pg=PA147


Politics, lies, and videotape: 3,000 questions and answers on the Mideast crisis – Page 200
Yitschak Ben Gad – (SP Books,) 1991 – 479 pages – Preview
In its declaration, Ahmad Abd Alrahman, the PLO spokesman said: “Those who were killed are the victims of the … PLO leader, Ahmed Shukeiri, denounced? A: Shukeiri said, before the 1967 war, that the Jews should be thrown into the sea…
http://books.google.com/books?id=zRyAT5qNtjQC&pg=PA220


Why the Jews?: the reason for antisemitism – Pages 156-7
Dennis Prager, Joseph Telushkin – Simon and Schuster, 2003 – 244 pages

In the words of the Israeli leftist writer Amos Kenan, written in the aftermath of the Six-Day War: “Shukairy [the head of the Palestine Liberation Organization before Yasir Arafat] used to say that the Jews should be driven into the sea.

http://books.google.com/books?id=VK0llzUqQ2YC&pg=PA157


Holocaust | Holocaust victims are martyrs of all humanity
[…]
The calls by Ahmad Shukeiri and Nasser to “dump all the Jews into the sea” were nothing but steps along this trend that reached its peak when the defunct dictator Saddam Hussein threatened “to burn half of Israel” with binary chemical weapons, and more recently with the Iranian nuclear and missile weapons program and the accompanying threats by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to wipe Israel off the map, exterminate the Jews, and deport the survivors to European countries. Add to all this the Iranian mullahs’ efforts to wreak total havoc in the region through their proxies and allies, such as the Mahdi Army, Al-Qaeda, the remnants of the Saddam regime, the Baathist regime in Syria, the Lebanese Hezbollah, and Hamas…
http://www.projetaladin.org/holocaust/en/articles-and-essays/holocaust-victims-are-martyrs-of-all-humanity.html


The Thin Green Line – Op-Eds – Israel National News May 25, 2011… “throw the Jews into the sea,” a statement originally attributed to Palestine Liberation Organization Spokesman Ahmad al-Shukeiri, …
http://www.israelnationalnews.com/Articles/Article.aspx/10272


On May 23, Nasser closed the straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping. The United States failed to live up to its guarantees of freedom of the waterways to Israel. A torrent of rhetoric issued from Arab capitals and in the UN. At the UN, PLO Chairman Ahmed Shukhairy announced that “if it will be our privilege to strike the first blow” the PLO would expel from Palestine all Zionists who had arrived after 1917 and eliminate the state of Israel. In a speech to Arab Trade Unionists on May 26, 1967, Nasser justified the dismissal of the UNEF, and made it clear that Egypt was prepared to fight Israel for Palestinian rights. He also attacked the Jordanians as tools of the imperialists, stepping up the constant pressure on Jordan’s King Hussein…
While Israel had acquired territories and a military victory… The Fatah organization (The Movement for Liberation of Palestine) was founded about 1957 (though it was formalized much later), and the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) was founded in 1964. Both had the declared aim of destroying Israel. After the 6-day war, Ahmad Shukairy, who had headed the PLO, was replaced as chairman by Yasser Arafat who headed the Fatah.
http://www.mideastweb.org/briefhistory.htm


The ‘old’ Arab-Islamic statenmens: ‘wipe Israel off the map and throw the Jews into the sea’


A history of the Jewish people – Page 1066
 Abraham Malamat, Haim Hillel Ben-Sasson – 1976 – 1170 pages – Preview
Many Jews also left Turkey and Iran for Israel. Of the 13.5 million Jews in the world at the end of the 1960s, … when the Arab rulers declared that the time had come ‘to wipe Israel off the map and throw the Jews into the sea’. …
http://books.google.com/books?id=2kSovzudhFUC&pg=PA1066


[PPT] How we swallowad the bluff
Ahmad Shukeiri was born in Lebanon to a Turkish mother, was a lawyer in Jordan … Arab countries were plainspoken and primitive: “Throw the Jews into the sea”, “The men to the sea and the women for us”, …
http://www.shoebat.com/documents/pstineNationalism.pps


The clear genocidal meaning of Shukairy’s phrase and in-context with the over all Arab attitude readiness for extermination


Arab attitudes to Israel – Page 38 – Yehoshafat Harkabi – 1974 – 527 pages – Preview
The formula “to throw Israel into the sea” certainly does not mean that only the State coat-of-arms will be flung into the water while the Israelis continue to dwell in the land each under his vine and under his fig tree, especially as the less ambiguous term “to throw the Jews into the sea”- which has an undoubted genocidal signficance — is quite frequent. Genocidal motifs may also be seen in the typical caricature which depicts the liquidation of Israel as the killing of a scorpion, or for example the text of a manifesto published in al-Ahram (February 3, 1964) for distribution among the Jews of the world to warn them against migrating to Israel, describing such a move as a “free” one-way road to death, and making the point unmistakably clear with the aid of a drawing showing the Angel of Death with his sickle.


The Arab goal, furthermore, is presented as not only a change in the political status of the country, but also a matter of punishment and revenge. Since the establishment of Israel is denounced as an international crime, her extinction must be carried out as a punitive operation and a massacre.
http://books.google.com/books?id=ocybbUgguOEC&pg=PA38


Arab leadership realizing the grave error to its image


CONSTRUCTIVE CONFLICTS: FROM ESCALATION TO RESOLUTION – Page 93
 LOUIS KRIESBERG – Rowman & Littlefield, 2006 – 435 pages – Google eBook – Preview
For example, the relatively radical Palestinian organization, the Popular Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, published a circular in 1969 arguing that its goal of “throwing the Jews into the sea” had done “grave damage ” to the Arab position,
http://books.google.com/books?id=O5RCMQ0DXWsC&pg=PA93


Confronting the Arab leadership – the admission to the genocidal call


JPRS report: Near East & South Asia: Issue 88075
 United States. Joint Publications Research Service, United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service – 1988 – Snippet view – Page 8
[Question] Do you hate Jews? Do you want to throw us into the sea? [Answer] The Arabs made a grave error when they proclaimed this insane slogan.
http://books.google.com/books?&id=p0O6AAAAIAAJ&dq=error


The spectator, Volume 257, Issues 8243-8255 –
F.C. Westley, 1986 – Literary Collections – Page 16
Issam Sartawi, the physician and Palestinian politician whose plainspeaking and willingness to compromise led to his murder by fellow Palestinians in 1983, was one of the first to take the wind out of Arafat’s sails after the ‘victory’ in Beirut when the PLO withdrew in 1982: he said that with another victory like Beirut the next PLO executive committee meeting would take place in Fiji. Sartawi was critical  Sartawi was critical of the Palestinian leadership as a whole. I once asked him why the Palestinians had had such poor leaders, from Haj Amin Husseini who led them to defeat in 1948 to Ahmed Shukairy, the first PLO head, who is remembered today only for his statement that he would throw the Jews into the sea. ‘We had a good leader in Palestine once,’ Sartawi said, ‘but we crucified him. 
http://books.google.com/books?&id=JUjhAAAAMAAJ&dq=shukairy


The Palestinian refugees in Jordan 1948-1957 – Page 5
 Avi Plascov – 1981 – 268 pages – Preview
Sober and shrewd, Abdullah always knew that the Arab leaders were deluded and dazzled by their own statements about the “40 million Arabs who will throw the Jews into the sea”. He had a quite different appreciation of the Jews’ …
http://books.google.com/books?id=daLPXTYcoewC&pg=PA5


The Arab propagandists try to revert the harm made by their genocidal declarations


Palestinians and Israel – Pages 70-71 – Yehoshafat Harkabi – John Wiley and Sons, 1975 – 285 pages
When, after the Six-Day War, the Arabs realized that their wild statements had harmed their international reputation, they moderated their shrill demands for the annihilation of Israel. Arab propagandists denied that they had ever advocated the slaughter of the Jewish population,…


Ahmed Shukeiry insisted that he never advocated throwing the Jews into the sea, that the whole thing was merely a Zionist libel. What he meant, he explained, was that the Jews would return to their countries of origin by way of the sea: …
http://books.google.com/books?id=dtHRdvtCCxwC&pg=PA71


(The Israeli-Arab reader: a documentary history of the Middle East conflict – Walter Laqueur – Bantam Books, 1976 – History – 585 pages – Page 532
http://books.google.com/books?&id=chdCAAAAIAAJ&dq=shukeiry)


Society: Volume 7
 Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.). Community Leadership Project – 1969 – (Rutgers–The State University,) – Page 138
The leader of the Palestine liberation organization, Ahmed Shukeiry (who has since been pushed into the background) attempted to defend himself against the accusation of using wildly genocidal rhetoric by claiming thad he had never… He explained that what he meant was that the Jews would return to their countries of origin by way of the sea: “They came by the sea and will return by the sea.” This was a means of annihilation transformed into a means of transportation and a campaign of violence transformed into an international resettlement project. At the same time as this rectification campaign was going on…
http://books.google.com/books?&id=_Od5AAAAIAAJ&dq=Shukeiry


The Arab Design for Israel’s Annihilation: The Record of Aggression, 1958-1967.
28 May 1967, Ahmed Shukairy, Head of the Palestine Liberation Organization: “China supplies us with weapons so that they be used for the liberation. The weapons of China which we have received free of charge will be put into action in order to destroy Tel-Aviv.”
http://cojs.org/cojswiki/The_Arab_Design_for_Israel%E2%80%99s_Annihilation:_The_Record_of_Aggression,_1958-1967.


FIERY HATE SPEECHES


Prevent World War III.: Issues 58-64
 Society for the Prevention of World War III (New York, N.Y.) – 1961 – Snippet view (Pages 10, 24)
In its larger context, Mr. Shukairy’s hate inciting diatribes underline the urgency for comprehensive actions to demilitarize the Middle East under appropriate controls and safeguards.
[…]
Shukairy summed up the Arabs’ bellicose attitude towards the West and staked out Nasser’s claim to empire, in a speech whose tone and content were reminiscent of the diatribes hurled against the Western democracies by the Nazi leaders
http://books.google.com/books?&id=j0HTAAAAMAAJ&dq=diatribes


Middle East Record Volume 1, 1960 – Page 178
 Yitzhak Oron, Ed. – Full view
M. Comay of the Israel delegation rose after Shukairy’s speech “to register our sense of disgust that there should be on the records of the Assembly a comparison of any people, my own and any other, with the Nazis.
http://books.google.com/books?id=0LooyExir7EC&pg=PA178


Jewish currents: Volume 21
 Morning Freiheit Association – 1967 – Snippet view – Page 47
Ahmed Shukairy, anti-Semitic adventurer heading the so-called Palestine Liberation Army, interviewed in Cairo, was quoted by the West German Bonner Rundschau in Dec. as stating that “the only possibilities for a solution” to the … 20, for helping murder about 250000 people, mostly Jews, in the Nazi extermination camp at Sobibor, Poland, …
http://books.google.com/books?&id=yFIwAQAAIAAJ&dq=bonner
 
The National Jewish monthly: Volumes 82-83
 B’nai B’rith – 1967 – Snippet view
Hate in Halls of Brotherhood … 1963. when the erstwhile head of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Ahmed Shukairy, delivered an anti-Semitic diatribe in the United Nations, has there been anything there to compare with the intemperate hatred toward Israel and the
http://books.google.com/books?id=ODXnAAAAMAAJ&q=shukairy


Congressional record: proceedings and debates of the … Congress, Volume 113, Part 12 – Page A-525
No cover image United States. Congress – Govt. Print. Off., 1967 – Snippet view
He does fine In Cairo, and perhaps this Is only natural for few Arabs can match Shukairy In his fanatical hatred of the United States. The records of the UN debates in the past contain his lengthy diatribes against the United States…
http://books.google.com/books?&id=8HEuAAAAIAAJ&dq=shukairy


THE BANNER OF “LIBERATION” BEFORE THE SO-CALLED “OCCUPATION” / INDEED, TERRORISM CAME BEFORE THE “OCCUPATION”


Restoring historical memory
Op-ed: Palestinian enmity towards Jews not about borders but about Israel’s existence
Martin Sherman Published: 01.19.11, 18:11 / Israel Opinion
Israel is continuously accused by its detractors of “occupying” Palestinian territory and “usurping” Palestinian land by means of an “expansionary settlement policy.” “Occupation” and “Settlements” have thus become the buzzwords by which to denote and defame Israel’s control of the territories across the 1967 armistices lines. This prevailing custom is wildly at odds with the realities that forced Israel to seize these territories in an unequivocal act of self-defense against threats of annihilation, in a classic preemptive exercise of the right of “anticipatory self defense.”
[…]
So, as the Arab armies massed against it, Israel began to brace itself for the coming war, preparing mass graves in Tel Aviv and other cities in anticipation of large civilian causalities. On May 27, 1967, the then-chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Ahmed Shukairy, gloated, “D-Day is approaching. The Arabs have waited 19 years for this and will not flinch from the war of liberation.”


The use of the word “liberation” is both interesting and revealing. At the time, the notions of “occupation” and “settlements” had neither conceptual significance nor practical relevance and could not account for this ferocious hostility towards the Jewish nation-state by the Arabs who clearly were not seeking “liberation” in Arab-ruled Gaza and “West Bank.” Impressed by this boastful bluster, and despite the bitter acrimony between Nasser and himself, King Hussein signed a military pact with Egypt on May 30, 1967, declaring:

“All of the Arab armies now surround Israel. The UAR (the United Arab Republic, the name by which Egypt called itself from 1958 to 1971), Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Yemen, Lebanon, Algeria, Sudan, and Kuwait. …. There is no difference between one Arab people and another, no difference between one Arab army and another.”


In a premature flush of triumph, on June 1, 1967, PLO leader Shukairy crowed: “This is a fight for the homeland. It is either us or the Israelis. There is no middle road. The Jews of Palestine will have to leave. We will facilitate their departure to their former homes. Any of the old Palestine Jewish population who survive may stay, but it is my impression that none of them will survive….We shall destroy Israel and its inhabitants and as for the survivors – if there are any – the boats are ready to deport them.”


Here again Shukairy’s terminology is of interest. For quite apart from the explicit articulation of his bloodcurdling intentions, the use of “homeland” is instructive and illuminating. For it clearly did not refer to “West Bank” or to Gaza which, as previously mentioned, were under Arab rule and were certainly in no way targeted for “liberation.” Cleary then, “the liberation of the homeland” must be construed as “the elimination of the Jewish state.” Indeed, how else could be construed.


This view is strongly endorsed by the text of the original formulation of the Palestinian Covenant adopted in 1964, before any “occupation” or “settlements” were ever part of the discourse, much less facts on the ground. In Article 24, it specifically eschews claims to “any territorial sovereignty over the West Bank in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (sic) and Gaza.”


What more authoritative source could be imagined for exposing the Palestinian claims to the West Bank and Gaza as bogus than the Palestinian themselves? The source being their own “National Covenant” no less.
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4016156,00.html


Farhud: a slaughter in Iraq – 70 Years to the Arab-Nazi massacre

June 5, 2011

Farhud: a slaughter in Iraq

JC ^| May 31, 2011 | Lyn Julius

Farhud: a slaughter in Iraq
By Lyn Julius, May 31, 2011

There was a frenzied banging on the front door. When my mother answered it, she recognised her aunt’s Jewish cook, ashen-faced, pleading to be let in: “I was on a bus, and the Muslims were pulling the Jewish passengers out and killing them. I said I was a Christian.” A month earlier, pro-Nazi officers led by Rashid Ali al-Ghailani, had staged a successful coup in Iraq. The German-backed Rashid Ali and his men were soon routed by British troops – but not before they had incited murder and mayhem against the Jewish “fifth column”.

Seventy years ago, on June 1 1941, a group of Jews, wearing their Shavuot best, had ventured out for the first time in weeks to greet the returning pro-British Regent, only to be ambushed by an armed Arab mob. Terrified Jews barricaded themselves inside their houses, or ran for their lives across the flat rooftops.

The rioting went on for two days: around 180 Jews died in Baghdad and Basra (the exact figure is not known); hundreds were wounded, 900 homes and 586 Jewish-owned shops were destroyed; there was looting, rape and mutilation. Stories abound of babies murdered and Jewish hospital patients refused treatment or poisoned. The dead were hurriedly buried in a mass grave.

Jews recognised some assailants – the butcher, the gardener. But some brave Arabs saved Jews. My aunt tells how the neighbours sheltered her until the trouble had died down. The neighbour was a prominent Nazi, but his wife was “a lady — she even made the beds for us,” my aunt recounts.

The screams reached the ambassador at a candlelit dinner The Farhud (Arabic for “violent dispossession”) marked an irrevocable break between Jews and Arabs in Iraq and paved the way for the dissolution of the 2,600-year-old Jewish community barely 10 years later.

A question mark hovers over the role of the British – encamped on the city outskirts, they delayed intervening until the looting had spread to Muslim districts. Yet the victims’ screams reached the British ambassador, Cornwallis, who was enjoying a candlelit dinner and a game of bridge.

Loyal and productive citizens comprising a fifth of Baghdad, the Jews had not known anything like the Farhud in living memory. Before the victims’ blood was dry, army and police warned the Jews not to testify against the murderers and looters. Even the official report on the massacre was not published until 1958.

Despite their deep roots, the Jews understood that they would never, along with other minorities, be an integral part of an independent Iraq. Fear of a second Farhud was a major reason why 90 per cent of Iraq’s Jewish community fled to Israel after 1948.

But the Farhud was not just another anti-Jewish pogrom. The Nazi supporters who planned it had a more sinister objective: the round-up, deportation and extermination in desert camps of the Baghdadi Jews.

The inspiration behind the coup, and the Farhud itself, came not from Baghdad, but Jerusalem. The Grand Mufti, Haj Amin al-Husseini, sought refuge in Iraq in 1939 with 400 Palestinian émigrés. Together, they whipped up local anti-Jewish feeling. An illiterate populace imbibed bigotry through Nazi radio propaganda. Days before the Farhud broke out, the Nazi youth movement, the Futuwa, went around daubing Jewish homes with a red palm print. Yunis al-Sabawi, who, together with the Mufti and Rashid Ali, spent the rest of the war in Berlin, instructed the Jews to stay in their homes so that they could more easily be rounded up.

The Farhud cemented a wartime Arab-Nazi alliance designed to rid Palestine, and the world, of the Jews. The Mufti’s postwar legacy endured. The uprooting of the 140,000 Jews of Iraq followed a Nazi pattern of victimisation – dismantlement, dispossession and expulsion. Nuremberg-style laws criminalised Zionism, freezing Jewish bank accounts, instituting quotas and restrictions on jobs and movement. The result was the exodus of nearly a million Jews from the Arab world.

More Jews died than on Kristallnacht, yet the Farhud has not become part of Holocaust memory. Indeed, the Washington Holocaust Museum had to be vigorously lobbied to include the Farhud as a Holocaust event.

Nazism gave ideological inspiration both to Arab secular parties and the Muslim Brotherhood (Gaza branch: Hamas). The unremitting campaign to destroy Israel is simply a manifestation of the genocidal intentions of Arab nationalism and Islamism. The demons awakened by the Farhud are still with us today.
http://www.thejc.com/comment-and-debate/comment/49676/farhud-a-slaughter-iraq


 
Farhud Commemoration, 70 Years BayJews.org – Event – San Francisco – San Francisco – JIMENA – Farhud Commemoration, 70 Years After.
http://www.bayjews.org/DETAIL.aspx?ID=18511&REFID=0

Seventy years since the FarhudSeventy years to the day, we will be commemorating the Farhud with a screening of a 25-minute documentary film made in cooperation with the Babylonian …
http://www.harif.org/farhud.html

 

 


 

 

 

The ‘FARHUD’ pogrom on Jews in Iraq, inspired by the Mufti, by a mob led by Al-Muthanna club’s al-Futuwwa Arab-Fascist paramilitary group, Iraqi soldiers were among the first attackers. Jews were killed randomly, hundreds were injured, women and children were raped in front of their relatives, babies crushed…

JJAC In June 1941, the Mufti-inspired, pro-Nazi coup of Rashid Ali sparked rioting and a pogrom in Baghdad. Armed Iraqi mobs murdered 180 Jews and wounded almost …
http://www.justiceforjews.com/iraq.html

Holocaust Encyclopedia, The Farhud
The rise of this pro-German government threatened the Jews in Iraq. Nazi influence and antisemitism already were widespread in Iraq, due in large part to the German legation’s presence in Baghdad as well as influential Nazi propaganda, which took the form of Arabic-language radio broadcasts from Berlin. Mein Kampf had been translated into Arabic by Yunis al-Sab’awi, and was published in a local newspaper, Al Alam al Arabi (The Arab World), in Baghdad during 1933-1934. Yunis al-Sab’awi also headed the Futtuwa, a pre-military youth movement influenced by the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) in Germany. After the coup d’etat, al-Sab’awi became a minister in the new Iraqi government.
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007277 The Farhud, the Mufti inspired Krystallnacht in Iraq, 1941, The Farhud took place Sunday and Monday, June 1st and 2nd 1941 …
http://www.eretzyisroel.org/~jkatz/farhud.html

Memories of state: politics, history, and collective identity in modern Iraq By Eric Davis [Page 70]
al-Muthanna club… under German ambassador Fritz Grobba’s influence developed a youth organization, the al-Futuwwa, modeled on European fascist lines, al-Sab’awi had developed strong anti-Jewish sentiments. Known in colloquial Iraqi Arabic as the Farhud (Pogrom), a mob led by al-Muthanna Club members and its youth organization attacked the Baghdad Jewish community on June 1 and 2, 1941, killing and wounding several Jews and destroying considerable property.
http://books.google.com/books?id=4qRW5KpgDM4C&pg=PA70

Pogroms against the Jewish people of Iraq in 1941. Based on the relationship with the Nazis with the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Presented by the International Society for Sephardic Progress.
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=4820909332676727479#

Farhud – Historical background, Farhud – The Golden Square coup, Farhud – June 1-2 1941, Farhud – Aftermath. Read more here: ֲ» Farhud: Enncyclopedia …
http: //www.experiencefestival.com/babylonian_talmud

Fascism and Antisemitism (1933 1941)

At that time the press drew a clear dividing line between Judaism and Zionism. This line became blurred in the 1930s, along with the demand to remove Jews from the genealogical tree of the Semitic peoples. This anti-Jewish trend coincided with Faysal’s death in 1933, which brought about a noticeable change for the Jewish community. His death also came at the same time as the Assyrian massacre, which created a climate of insecurity among the minorities. Iraqi Jewry at that time had been subject to threats and invectives emanating not only from extremist elements, but also from official state institutions as well. Dr. Sִmִ« Shawkat, a high official in the Ministry of Education in the pre-war years and for a while its director general, was the head of “al-Futuwwa,” an imitation of Hitler’s Youth. In one of his addresses, “The Profession of Death,” he called on Iraqi youth to adopt the way of life of Nazi Fascists. In another speech he branded the Jews as the enemy from within, who should be treated accordingly. In another, he praised Hitler and Mussolini for eradicating their internal enemies (the Jews). Syrian and Palestinian teachers often supported Shawkat in his preaching.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0010_0_09571.html

Identity, conflict and cooperation in international river systems, (Jack Kalpakian, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2004 , page 134)
The Jewish community was among the mid-sized communities in the country at the time of Iraq’s creation. At a time when Iraq’s population was much smaller, it numbered somewhere between 100,000-300,000 making it a significant player in Iraqi life, especially because it was cencentrated in Baghdad. The troubles started in 1933 when the Assyrian Christians became the victims of an Army campaign designed to thin their numbers and to destroy their mlitary power. This massacre was not the first and unfortunately not the last, and it would not be an exaggeration to say that the repression of the Assyrians continued until the fall of Saddam. It foreshadowed the pogroms the Jewish community was to suffer a few years later…
Faisal’s son, Ghazi, became king in 1933. Ghazi was ill-tempered, bigoted and an admirer of Nazi Germany. With the king turning to Nazi Germany, the position of the Jewish community eroded… In 1941, a coup brought a pro-Nazi party to power, and Britain (from Palestine and the Trans-Jordan) and British India (from the Persian Gulf) sent armies to restore the empire’s clients to power. But on the orders of the British Ambassador, Sir Kinahan Cornwallis, the Anglo-Indian Army and the Trans- Jordanian Arab Legion did not enter the center of Baghdad for several days, allowing the ragtag remnants of the Iraqi army’s pro-German factions to massacre and kill unarmed Iraqi Jewish civilians in what became known as the farhud pogrom. …
http://books.google.com/books?id=EmlX4Y7PMjgC&pg=PA134

Encyclopedia of the modern Middle East, (Volumen 2, Richard W. Bulliet, Macmillan Reference USA 1996, page 642)
After the defeat of Rashid Ali al-Kaylani’s pro-Nazi coup and his flight from Baghdad on June 1 and 2, 1941. Jewish life and property were attacked in what came to be called in Baghdad the Farhud. The looting was started by Iraqi soldiers who had been allowed to roam the streets of Baghdad…
http://books.google.com/books?id=KE8YAAAAIAAJ&q=pro-nazi

Memories of Eden: a journey through Jewish Baghdad by Violette Shamash, Mira Rocca, Tony Rocca, (Memories of Eden, 2008, page 192)
There were few doubts in our minds how perilous our position was, with the city’s policing now in the hands of the Al-Futuwwa mobs.
http://books.google.com/books?id=t623fHAspCwC&q=al-futuwwa

Nationalism, minorities and diasporas: identities and rights in the Middle East, (Volume 8 of Library of modern Middle East studies, by Kirsten E. Schulze, Martin Stokes, Colm Campbell, Tauris Academic Studies, 1996,Page 107)
…the pogrom of the Jews of Baghdad on 1-2 June 1941, known as the Farhud. For two days, Muslim masses massacred, wounded, raped, and looted, while the British forces, informed about these horrible events, abstained from…
http://books.google.com/books?id=zm1tAAAAMAAJ&dq=farhud

The Farhud took place Sunday and Monday, June 1st and 2nd 1941, the two days of Shabu’oth. The word Farhud denotes the breakdown of law and order, where life and property are in peril. 
Jews lived in Babylonia (modern Iraq) for over 2,400 years, since the destruction of the first Beth Hamiqdash. Jews were treated tolerantly by the Moslems and, while abuses (such as hooliganism, snatching of men’s fez caps and even murders) had been recorded from time to time, the Farhud is the only sad event of sizable magnitude. 
Jews lived mainly in Baghdad and, in 1870, started moving to other towns such as Amarah, Ali Agharbi, Qalaat Salih and Basrah.

Mr. Naim Dallal spoke in depth about his experiences in Baghdad and Iran and thanked Dr. Khabbaza for information he provided for his speech The development of Basrah which started to flourish again after the opening of the Suez Canal, adversely affected Aleppo in Syria and northern Iraq. 
The fact that the majority of the Jewish community was concentrated in Baghdad explains why the Baghdadi Jews bore the brunt of the Farhud.
Some reasons for the farhud: 
A) Political: under British occupation (1914/1918–1922) Jews gained confidence, felt secure and did not tolerate any mockery or physical abuse. Some went as far as to proclaim themselves British citizens or proteges — this was strongly resented by the Moslems.

Mrs. Rachel Manasseh spoke eloquently about the Farhud and the events that led up to the Farhud.  B) Economic: Jews were very active in all trade and finance fields — at the same time they were a sizable percentage of the civil service staff.
On August 27, 1934 numerous Jews were dismissed by Arshad Alumari, Minister of Economics and Communication, and an unofficial quota was set up for Jews to be appointed in the civil service and for Jews to be admitted into secondary schools and colleges.
C) Hatred of the Jews: stirred by several organizations headed by such prominent officials as Dr. Fadil Al Jamali (Inspector General of the

The event was MC’d by Mr. Robert Aizer.

Ministry of Education), Dr. Saib Showkat (Director of Baghdad Central State Hospital), General Taha Al Hashimi (Chief of Staff ), General Salah Aldin Al Sabbagh. The Palestinians Fawzi Al–Qauqji Darwish Al Miqdadi, Mufti Haj Amin Al Husseini together with the Syrians Farid Zayn Ad–Din and Dr. Amin Ruwayha were also very active in these organizations. 
The driving force behind this anti British, anti Jewish, anti Zionist movement was the German embassy in Baghdad headed by Dr F. Grobba which generously supplied money, books and film.

Mr. Joe Eden was Director of Social Services in Israel, when in two months, he witnessed the arrival of 200,000 Jews from Iraq. Leading up to the Farhud.
April 1,1941: The Royal palace in Baghdad was surrounded by the army. The regent and his entourage escaped to Habbaniyeh, from there to Basrah and thence to Amman in Transjordan. April 3, 1941 Nazi sympathizer Rashid Ali Al Gaylani and four generals led a military coup, deposed the absent regent and were the real rulers of Iraq with the pro–Nazi junta. 
At once hoodlums and students demonstrated in the streets against the British and the Jews.

People of all ages came to hear and learn. Looting of property and beating up of Jews took place in Baghdad, Mosul, Kirkuk, Irbil, Basrah, Amara and Fallujah. The killing of Jews took place in Baghdad alone. 
May 30, 1941: Yunis Al Sabawi, head of Nazi groups, declared himself governor of central southern Iraq. He ordered Jews through Hakham Sasson Khedouri, to remain in their homes Saturday, May 31, and on June 1 and 2Shabu’oth. He had the intention of slaughtering the Jews that weekend using the Nazi youth organizations he was heading. However, miraculously, Sabawi was deported to the Iranian border that same day.
May 31,1941: It was announced that the Regent with his entourage would be returning to Baghdad next day.

Mrs. Bianca Aizer read a fascinating  personal account written for the Midrash by Dr. Simha Nathaniel who was a nurse in the hospital in Baghdad. The Farhud. 
June 1, ’41, the first day of Shabu’oth: A delegation of Jews went to the airport to welcome the Regent. On their way back they were attacked on Al Khurr bridge by soldiers and civilians. One Jew was killed, and many injured who were taken to the hospital. There were attacks and killings in Al Rusafa and Abu Sifyan; terror continued until 10 p.m. : Jews were killed randomly, hundreds were injured, women and children were raped in front of their relatives, babies crushed, houses set on fire, looting…and so on. 

June 2 ,1941: Policemen, soldiers and slum dwellers from Al Karkh entered the scene, and participated in the killing and the looting everywhere.

At 5 p.m., curfew was declared and anyone who showed himself in the streets was shot on the spot.
Reports varyofficial Iraqi reports mention 187 killed, others say as many as one thousand, but it seems likely that about 400 innocents were killed with numerous wounded.
It would be inappropriate, however, not to mention some humanitarian acts carried out by some Iraqis.
1) Many Moslems opened their homes and fed and protected the Jews. It had been reported that some Moslems apologized for not being able to provide Kasher meat and/or poultry to their guests.
2) Looters in Basrah on May 1941, were stopped by a distinguished Moslem notable, Salih Bashayan, who appointed guards from his own men to protect Jewish property
3) On June 1, 1941 pressed by the mob to oust the injured Jews from the hospital where they were treated, Jamil Dallali, the director, called the police who dispersed the hostile crowd…
http://midrash.org/articles/farhud/

Remembering The Farhud, The Pogrom That Ended Iraqi Jewish Life

…Only a few Jews remain in Iraq today.

June 01, 2010
By Karam Mnashe, Charles Recknagel

Few people in Iraq know what happened in Baghdad exactly 69 years ago.

But on June 1-2, 1941, something previously unthinkable in the city occurred. Mobs attacked the capital’s prosperous and influential Jewish community, killing more than 100 people and looting homes.

By the time the orgy of murder and pillaging was done, the Jewish community was so shaken that it would never recover. Within 10 years, the vast majority would leave the country, leaving behind just the handful of people who tend the capital’s empty synagogue today.

The two days of terror are known in Iraq as the Farhud, the Arabic word for pillaging or looting an enemy. Yet most Iraqis know very little about the event because Iraq’s history books rarely speak of them. Those writers who do mention those days simply explain the violence as the result of the Iraqi Jewish community’s “Zionist activities,” without detailing more.

But people who survived the attacks and remember the events tell another story — like Layer Abudia, who now lives in Israel, who was a child at the time of the pogrom.

“I watched people killing at least four to five Jews in front of me,” Abudia says. “Every car that passed by was stopped by the mob that pulled Jews out and killed them. I heard they killed 20 to 25 people in the airport area.”

Abudia and the others who experienced the two days of horror will never forget standing on the rooftops of their houses as the violence started on the first night.

For many, the first warning was a dull orange glow that appeared over the very heart of the city center where the Jewish and Muslim communities abutted. Then came distant screams and banging, which grew louder as looters moved deeper into the Jewish neighborhoods. Finally, up close, there was the horrifying sight of the neighbors desperately trying to leap with their children to an adjoining rooftop as armed men broke down their doors.

“That night we heard screams coming out of the houses of Jews,” recalls Nassim al-Qazzaz, another survivor who now lives in Israel. “They were killed and their homes were pillaged. This continued for less than 24 hours.”

“The next day, approximately at noon, the regent Abdul Illah issued an order to fire on the mob,” Qazzaz says. “He could have done that the same day of course, before things got worse, but he preferred not to interfere so the mob could release their anger at the Jews.”

Vulnerable Minority

The Farhud was so shocking because, based on most of the 1,000-year history of Jews in Iraq, no one could have expected it.

At the time of the pogrom, Jews made up some 3 percent of the Iraqi population, with some 90,000 living in the capital. Many were successful in business, many worked as officials in the British-mandated government, and many were among the country’s leading intellectual and cultural figures.

…several things had happened to make the Iraqi Jews’ position especially vulnerable.

One was the rise of fascism in Europe, followed by the Axis powers’ sweeping successes against Britain in the first years of war. And central to the Nazi ideology was hatred of the Jews. Finally, there was the common cause some Arab Muslim leaders made with Nazism and its hatred of Jews in hopes the Axis powers would propel them to power in the Middle East.

One such leader, who arrived in Iraq in 1939, was Amin Muhammad al-Husayni, the grand mufti of Jerusalem. He had fled British-mandate Palestine after the failure of the Palestinian uprising of 1936-39 against growing Jewish immigration.

Husayni had been a key instigator of violence on the Arab side as the number of Jews jumped from 17 percent of Palestine’s population in 1931 to 30 percent in 1935. Many of the arriving Jews were fleeing Germany and now the grand mufti was seeking Berlin’s help to expel both them and the British mandate authorities from the Holy Land.

But it was in Iraq, not Palestine, that the kind of alliance Husayni was proposing got its first test. There, Berlin backed an anti-British coup in April 1941 led by nationalist Rashid Ali al-Gaylani — a Husayni ally — and supported by high-ranking army officers. The coup easily toppled the country’s weak Hashemite monarchy, which was originally from the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia and widely regarded as London’s puppet.

The coup was soon suppressed with the arrival of British-led Indian and Arab Legion troops, who reached Baghdad by May 29. But the combination of the failed coup amid months of the sort of pro-Nazi and anti-Jewish propaganda espoused by Husayni proved to be fatal for Jewish Baghdadis.

Driven From Their Home

Exactly what set off the pogrom is not known, but it may have been the Jewish community’s celebration of its annual harvest festival, Shavuot, on June 1. The sight of Jews celebrating became a pretext for fascists to portray them as welcoming the coup’s failure. And the chance to act came as British troops waited outside Baghdad so that royalist Iraqi soldiers could enter first, creating a power vacuum in the city.

Survivor Qazzaz says that even today he doesn’t know what happened to his father in the pogrom. But he says after such violence, most Iraqi Jews felt they had no option but to emigrate.

“Since then we have not heard anything about the fate of my father and his companion. Some 180 Jews were killed in this massacre. Scores of houses and shops were looted and plundered, women violated and murdered,” Qazzaz says. “That was the Farhud. In my opinion it was one of the main reasons that drove Jews to leave Iraq.”

Most of the exodus took place in the early 1950s, after tensions over the 1948 Arab-Israeli war isolated the Jewish community even further. The Iraqi government declared “those who want to leave can leave” and some 100,000 left for Israel.

Today the Farhud — Baghdad’s Krystallnacht — remains significant not only for breaking the spirit of Baghdad’s once thriving Jewish community. It also proved how powerful the fusion of fascism and radical Islam could be.

That fusion would develop further as Husayni spent the rest of the war in Nazi Germany and broadcast messages across a sizable segment of the Middle East via a powerful radio located in Bari, Italy.

His messages were a continuous call for uprisings to evict the allies. But he reserved his greatest invective for Jews, saying their “spilled blood pleases Allah, our history, and religion,” and proclaiming “if America and England win the war, the Jews will dominate the world.”

At the same time, he vigorously recruited European Muslims for the Wehrmacht and for special Waffen SS units, especially in the former Yugoslavia. And he actively lobbied against any deportation of Jews to Palestine from Romania and Hungary, urging they be sent to Poland — where the Nazis operated death camps* — instead.

Arab Independence

Throughout, what Husayni wanted from Hitler and finally got in 1942 remained the same. It was a letter sent by the German and Italian foreign ministers to him and a fellow exile in Nazi Germany, al-Gaylani, promising three things: Axis support for the independence of the Arab states from British and French colonial rule; the right of the independent Arab states to form a union; and the right of Arab authorities in Palestine to eliminate the proposed Jewish homeland there.

Husayni was always accorded the respect due a head of state in Berlin, leading many historians to speculate he may have hoped to be the Axis’ fuhrer of the Middle East, had it won the war. But it didn’t, and as Germany surrendered, Husayni was arrested by the French.

Astonishingly, however, the French too treated Husayni with deference as a Grand Mufti with influence in the Muslim world. He was placed under house arrest in Paris and, when it became clear he might be indicted for war crimes based on testimony emerging at the Nuremburg trials, he secured an invitation from Egypt’s King Farouk and fled to Cairo.

Husayni went on to serve for decades in Egypt as a central member and ideological inspiration of the Muslim Brotherhood. His ideas have since passed on to generations of radical Islamists, far outlasting his own death in Syria in 1974 at the age of about 80.

What is the ultimate message of Husayni that was also so brutally expressed 69 years ago in the Farhud?

In its simplest terms, it is that the Near East is an Arab Sunni Muslim world that must be violently purged of all other elements.

The argument flies in the face of history in a region that has always been home to many religions and ethnicities. But it continues to be a justification for intimidation and attacks as fundamentalist groups today try to cleanse their home countries of “others” just as the Nazis once did in Europe.
http://www.rferl.org/content/Remembering_The_Farhud_The_Pogrom_That_Ended_Iraqi_Jewish_Life/2058848.html

The 1941 Farhoud was premeditated

The Farhoud of June 1941, in which rioting mobs murdered some 180 of Iraq’s Jewish citizens (as well as injuring, raping and pillaging) was premeditated, Salim Fattal’s documentary film on the modern history of the Jews of Iraq, The land that devours the inhabitants thereof, clearly reveals.

In the interval between the deposing of Rashid Ali, the pro-Nazi Prime Minister who had seized power in a coup, and the arrival of the pro-British Regent in the Iraqi capital, Muslim houses in Baghdad were daubed ‘Muslim’, while Jewish homes were marked with the ‘Hamsa’ (hand). When the Chief Rabbi of Iraq went to the authorities to voice his safety concerns, he was told that the Jews should barricade themselves in their houses with enough food for three days.

Eye-witnesses described how minibuses of Jews were emptied and their passengers slaughtered. The rioting started on the Jewish holiday of Shavuot and went on for two days.

The British army, who were encamped on the outskirts of Baghdad, could have intervened to stop the death and destruction. A Jewish translator working with them was told that the British army had no ‘instructions’ to intervene. It was only when the rioting began to endanger the established Muslim quarters of Baghdad that the British army swiftly quelled the disturbances.

The dead were buried hurriedly in a mass grave without the usual Jewish mourning practices. The Farhoud had a traumatic effect and marked the beginning of the end of the Jewish commmunity, which traced its history back to 586 BC. Within 10 years all but 6,000 of Iraq’s 150,000 Jews had fled.
http://jewishrefugees.blogspot.com/2006/11/1941-farhoud-was-premeditated.html

Babylonian Jewry Heritage Center production: The Farhud, part 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JtGYucpUs9E
part 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BnzEs6-2jDE

The 1941 pogrom in the literature of Jews from Iraq
The Nazi pogrom of June 1941, known as the Farhud, was the Iraqi Jews’ very own Kristallnacht two days of murder, looting, rape and mutilation. It shattered this ancient community’s self-confidence, and swiftly led to the exodus of over 90 percent of Iraqi Jewry.
http://www.harif.org/moreh.html

During these centuries under Muslim rule, the Jewish Community had it’s ups and downs. By World War I, they accounted for one third of Baghdad’s population. In 1922, the British recieved a mandate over Iraq and began transforming it into a modern nation-state.

Iraq became an independent state in 1932. Throughout this period, the authorities drew heavily on the talents of the mall well-educated Jews for their ties outside the country and proficiency in foreign languages. Iraq’s first minister of finance, Yehezkel Sasson, was a Jew. These Jewish communities played a vital role in the development of judicial and postal systems.

In the 1936 Iraq Directory, the “Israelite community” is listed among the various other Iraqi communities, such as Arabs, Kirds, Turkmen, Muslims, Christians, Yazidis and Sabeans, and numbering at about 120,000. Hebrew is also listed as one of Iraq’s six languages.

Yet, following the end of the British mandate, the 2,700-year-old Iraqi Jewish community suffered horrible persecution, particularly as the Zionist drive for a state intensified. In June 1941, the Mufti-inspired, pro-Nazi coup of Rashid Ali sparked rioting and a pogrom in Baghdad during the Jewish Feast of Shavuot. Armed Iraqi mobs, with the complicity of the police and the army, murdered 180 Jews and wounded almost 1,000 in what became known as the Farhud pogrom. Immediately following, the British Army re-entered Baghdad, and success of the Jewish community resumed. Jews built a broad network of medical facilities, schools and cultural activity. Nearly all of the members of the Baghdad Symphony Orchestra were Jewish. Yet this flourisng environment abruptly ended in 1947, with the partition of Palestine and the fight for Israel’s independence. Outbreaks of anti-Jewish rioting regularly occurred between 1947 and 1949. After the establishment of Israel in 1948, Zionism became a capital crime.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/anti-semitism/iraqijews.html

THE ANTI-JEWISH POGROM ON JUNE 1 2, 1941 “ALFARHUD.”

On June 1, the first day of Shavu’ot, which in Iraq was traditionally marked by joyous pilgrimages to the tomb of holy men and visits of friends and relatives, the Hashemite regent, ‘Abd al-Ilah, returned to the capital from his exile in Transjordan. A festive crowd of Jews crossed over the west bank of the Tigris River to welcome the returning prince. On the way back, a group of soldiers, who were soon joined by civilians, turned on the Jews and attacked them, killing one and injuring others. Anti-Jewish riots soon spread throughout the city, especially on the east bank of the Tigris, where most of the Jews lived. By nightfall, a major pogrom was under way, led by soldiers and paramilitary youth gangs, followed by a mob. The rampage of murder and plunder in the Jewish neighborhoods and business districts continued until the afternoon of the following day, when the regent finally gave orders for the police to fire upon the rioters and Kurdish troops were brought in to maintain order.

In the ” Farhud,” 179 Jews of both sexes and all ages were killed, 242 children were left orphans, and 586 businesses were looted, 911 buildings housing more than 12,000 people were pillaged. The total property loss was estimated by the Jewish community’s own investigating committee to be approximately 680,000 pounds.

The ” Farhud ” dramatically undermined the confidence of all Iraqi Jewry and, like the Assyrian massacres of 1933, had a highly unsettling effect upon all the Iraqi minorities. Nevertheless, many Jews tried to convince themselves that the worst was over. A factor in this was the commercial boom during the war, of which the Jewish business community was the prime beneficiary. Another factor was the tranquility which prevailed during the next years of the war. But the shadow of the ” Farhud ” continued to hover for years.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0010_0_09571.html

Farhud – the pogrom against iraqi jews, june 1941
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8IKNhJyR3Co

Association to commemorate The Sho’a – Holocaust of Arabian Jews

Iraq – Farhud:
In 1939 the leader of the Palestinian Arabs – The Mufti of Jerusalem – Haj Muhammad Amin al – Husayni came to Baghdad. The Mufti began incitement against the Jews using all means: demonstrations, posters and the press. Hitler Youth leader, Baldor von Schirach, came to Baghdad, to coordinate his actions with the Mufti. Effective immediately, all post-primary schools students and teachers in Iraq were required to join the fascist movement “al- Fatwa”, an organization which included approximately 63,000 members.
On 1 April 1941 the Rashid Ali al-Cilani revolt broke in Iraq – during which the government was seized by a group of pro-Nazi army officers – led by Rashid Ali. On 1 June 1941 during the Pentecost the Farhud began – a pogrom conducted against the Jews of Baghdad. Several days earlier, the students of “al-Fatwa” marked the Jewish homes with a palm print (“Hamsa”) in red.
The Farhud events began June 1 morning when in al-Cerach, west of Baghdad, a delegation of prominent Jews returning from the reception given in honor of the return of the regent, Abd al Alah, in the flowers palace, was attacked. When the crowd left mosque Jamie al – Gilani, at approximately 10:30 am, incitement against Jews took place among those leaving. At 5:30 pm the crowd met again at that mosque. Speeches against the Jews were given. At 6 o’clock in the evening the crowd left the mosque and began to rampage.
179 Jews were killed in the pogrom, 2118 injured, 242 children were orphaned, and much property was looted. Historian Eli Cadoori counts the number of those murdered as 600. The number of people whose property was looted reached – 50,000 people. Victims were buried in a mass grave in Baghdad.
The British were able to recapture power in Iraq. The Mufti fled to Berlin.
http://www.shoaaj.com/158022/English

The Farhud: Roots of the Arab-Nazi Alliance in the Holocaust – Edwin Black – Dialog Press, 2010 – 192 pages
The Nazis needed oil. The Arabs wanted the Jews and British out of Iraq. The Mufti of Jerusalem forged a far-ranging alliance with Hitler resulting in the June 1941 Farhud, a Nazi-style pogrom in Baghdad that set the stage for the devastation and expulsion of the Iraqi Jews and ultimately almost a million Jews across the Arab world. The Farhud was the beginning of what became a broad Nazi-Arab alliance in the Holocaust.
http://books.google.com/books?id=h1cGQgAACAAJ

The Farhud, the anti-Jewish Baghdad riot of June 1 2, 1941, is the forgotten Holocaust-era pogrom explored in detail in Banking on Baghdad. …
http://www.bankingonbaghdad.com/farhud.php

Arab-Nazi ‘Farhud’: Holocaust in the Middle East | Spero News
http://www.speroforum.com/a/41285/ArabNazi-Farhud-Holocaust-in-the-Mideast

The Farhud: Roots of the Arab-Nazi Alliance during the Holocaust – C-SPAN Video Library
89 min – Dec 19, 2010
Edwin Black looks at “The Farhud,” a Nazi-Arab attempt to completely exterminate the Jews of Baghdad June 1-2, 1941.
http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/297544-1

Al-Farhud – Shmuel Moreh, Zvi Yehuda – [Magnes Press, Hebrew University] 2010
The present volume is being published on the 69th anniversary of the Farhud, the pogrom committed by religious and nationalist Arabs against the Jews of Iraq on the Jewish holiday of Pentecost (Shavu’ot), 1-2 June 1941 …by the Research Institute of Babylonian Jewry… This volume is a revised version of the Hebrew edition. It consists of papers on the pogrom and on the events leading up to it which were originally published in English, others which were written in Hebrew and now appear in English for the first time, and documents which have not been previously published, including an updated list of the names of victims of the Farhud and a map indicating the places in Baghdad where rioters attacked Jews. This book thus provides the English reader with comprehensive and updated information on the Farhud and constitutes a memorial to the innocent victims killed during these pogroms and whose only crime was that they were Jews.
http://books.google.com/books?id=jLKlSgAACAAJ

Baghdad revisited
By KSENIA SVETLOVA
06/18/2010 19:35

Shmuel Moreh’s recollections of his childhood.

Almost 70 years after the culmination of violent Arab hostilities against the Jewish minority in Iraq, the on-line memoirs of a Baghdad-born Israeli professor are finding resonance among Arab and Iraqi readers and evoking a discussion on what used to be the taboo subject of the 1941 pogrom against the Jews of Iraq.

“The year 1941 was one of the most tragic years in the life of the Jews of Iraq,” wrote Hebrew University emeritus professor of Arabic literature Shmuel Moreh in the London-based and Saudi-funded on-line magazine Elaph. “It was a year of quick changes in the political, economic and social relations between Arabs (Muslim and Christian) on one hand and the Jews on the other,” continued Moreh, chairman of the Association of Jewish Academics from Iraq and recipient of the 1999 Israel Prize in Middle Eastern studies.

“As a child who lived in the modern, aristocratic, mixed quarter of al-Batawin in Baghdad and a student at the Al-Sa’doon Exemplary School, established in 1937 as a government mixed school that was founded for children of the Iraqi royal family, ministers, high-ranking civil servants and army officers, judges and secretaries, I was a mirror of the government attitude toward the Jewish citizens in Iraq.”

Moreh, who was born in 1932 and now lives in Mevaseret Zion with his wife, Kaarina, was one of three Jewish pupils who studied there among a majority of Muslim staff and pupils.

“The Jews suffered daily harassment, insults and mockery. A few days after the defeat of the Iraqi army attacks against the British military bases in Habbaniya and Sin al-Dhubban, Jews were attacked in the streets, they were searched for espionage equipment and taken to police stations for questioning if they did not bribe the police. Their houses were marked as Jewish by anti-Jewish organizations,” wrote Moreh.

“In April 1941, Faisal, the son of prime minister Rashid Ali al-Kailani, tried to blind the eyes of the writer of these lines by hitting him with a stick. This was a well-known punishment for Jews who dared to resist Muslims. Two months later, he was able to narrowly escape being lynched by Muslims and Christians at his school in revenge for the defeat of the Iraqi army.”

Soon after these emotional words first appeared in Elaph, letters in Arabic started pouring in to Moreh’s private mailbox, along with hundreds of talkbacks on Elaph’s Web site that revealed how deeply touched the readers were. Some of the writers identified themselves as Iraqi academics, journalists, researchers. They wrote about their feelings of guilt and shame but also about nostalgia and the good old days. Despite the bitterness of the painful memories of the persecution and the eventual exodus, they urged Moreh to come back, stressing that Iraq is missing its Jews.

“This story was written by an Iraqi Jew… It reveals his love for Baghdad, for the Tigris and Euphrates… No one can understand the pain of living as a foreigner, only those who have tasted it,” said one talkback. […]
“I wanted to achieve three things by writing these memoirs,” he explains. “First of all, to remind the world of the persecution of Iraqi Jews. If anyone thinks that life was a paradise for us there, he could not be more mistaken. We were called names, harassed on a daily basis, and I lived through this hell during all of my childhood.

“The second goal was to preserve the Jewish Iraqi dialect. Nowadays when I talk to Iraqis or write to them, many of them are astonished to be reminded of forgotten words their grandfathers once used. The Jews of Iraq kept the medieval Arabic, whereas the Muslims adopted the Saudi accent that was brought to Iraq by the Beduin who assimilated into the Iraqi populace.

“And, of course, the most important thing was the memory,” Moreh says. “I wanted to perpetuate the memory of the Farhud and the tragedy that we lived through. Some people say that the exodus of the Iraqi Jews was sped up due to the acts of violence carried out by Jewish Zionist underground organization, but this is baseless. I studied the issue closely. Ever since the Farhud – the horrible Iraqi pogrom that took place in 1941 when angry crowds lashed out at the Jewish community, robbing, raping and killing thousands – we were always afraid that something like this might happen again. But even before that, the Iraqi Jews were always subjected to humiliations and threats, and that’s what I meant to emphasize in my memoirs. I believe that by publishing my memoirs in Elaph over a period of three years, I achieved this goal,” Moreh says.

The Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Anti-Semitism at the Hebrew University, and the Babylonian Jewry Heritage Center in Or-Yehuda recently published Al-Farhud: The 1941 Pogrom in Iraq, a book containing a series of papers on the theme, edited by Moreh and Zvi Yehuda. The work is a revised English edition of the Hebrew version, which was originally published in 1992.

“IN 1946 Jewish schools arranged an organized scout camp in northern Iraq. My friend Maurice Haddad and I were ordered to raise the Iraqi flag at the entrance of the camp. I saluted the flag and start singing the Iraqi anthem. I listened to Maurice sing and was horrified. He was cursing the flag, wishing it perdition. I was furious and tried to slap him on the face for insulting ‘our flag.’ He started weeping and shouted back, ‘Do you call it our flag? They killed my father when he tried to save my sister and mother from being raped.’ He was sobbing and murmuring all night long, ‘They raped my mother and sister and killed my father, and you tell me that this is our flag?'”

Today, after the three years of recollecting memories both sweet and painful, accepting and rejecting the past, writing, soul-searching and answering questions, the memoirs of Sami Muallem of Baghdad have reached their target audience – Arab intellectuals, historians, journalists and others who are reluctant to write off the Jewish chapter in the long history of the Arab world. The memoirs were reprinted in hundreds of various Arabic Web sites around the globe and have been read by hundreds of thousands of people. Moreh intends to translate and publish his memoirs in English and Hebrew.

The last chapter was published in Elaph in January 2010. However, the close relations that developed between Moreh and many of his readers continues to flourish. He is in touch with many Iraqi academics and journalists with whom he exchanges his views on the future of Iraqi Jews and their relationship with their old country.

As chairman of the Israeli Association of Jewish Academics from Iraq, Moreh is deeply concerned about the state of Jewish holy sites in Iraq and often uses his connections to prevent the ancient graves of Jewish prophets from being destroyed or desecrated.
http://www.jpost.com/Features/InThespotlight/Article.aspx?id=178785

BBC News – Farhud memories: Baghdad’s 1941 slaughter of the Jews1 June 2011 Last updated at 12:13 ET
Farhud memories: Baghdad’s 1941 slaughter of the Jews
By Sarah Ehrlich
Reporter, Witness
On 1 June 1941, a Nazi-inspired pogrom erupted in Baghdad, bringing to an end more than two millennia of peaceful existence for the city’s Jewish minority. Some Jewish children witnessed the bloodshed, and retain vivid memories 70 years later. The two days of violence that followed have become known as the Farhud (Arabic for “violent dispossession”). About 800 Jews were killed, spelling the end for a Jewish community that dated from the time of Babylon. … Some families bribed policemen to stand guard, paying half a dinar for each bullet fired. Others owe their lives to Muslims who took great risks to protect them.
Until the Farhud, Baghdad had been a model of peaceful coexistence for Jews and Arabs. Jews made up about one in three of the city’s population in 1941, and most saw themselves as Iraqi first and Jewish second.
So what caused this terrible turn of events? A month earlier, a pro-Nazi lawyer Rashid Ali al-Gilani, had overthrown Iraq’s royal family, and started broadcasting Nazi propaganda on the radio. But when an attack on a British Air Force base outside Baghdad ended in humiliating failure, he was forced to flee. The Farhud took place in the power vacuum that followed.
The anti-Semitism that Hitler had successfully exported to Iraq made life unbearable for the Jewish community. There were frequent arrests on false charges of spying and public hangings of prominent Jews. … In 1950, Jews were finally allowed to leave, on condition they give up all their property and assets, including their bank accounts. By 1952, only 2,000 of 150,000 were left.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-13610702

Point of no return: US Holocaust Museum admits Nazi-Arab axis The Farhud (Arabic for violent dispossession), took place in 1941 when Arabs attacked Jews in several Iraqi cities, burning, raping, torturing and murdering …
http://jewishrefugees.blogspot.com/2006/11/us-holocaust-museum-admits-nazi-arab.html

History News Network Elie Kedourie has written that 600 Jews were murdered during the May, 1941 Baghdad Farhud, (in support of Kattan’s implication that many more than 300…
http://hnn.us/roundup/comments/41090.html

Remembering the Farhud… Today marks the 65th anniversary of the Farhud. Arabic for “violent dispossession,” this is the word used to describe the infamous pogrom of June 1, 1941
http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=22594

The Iraq coup of Raschid Ali in 1941, the Mufti Husseini and the Farhud (Farhoud) – the role of the Palestinian Grand Mufti, Haj Amin El Husseini* …
http://www.mideastweb.org/iraqaxiscoup.htm